edX, launched in Fall 2012, is a massive open online course (mooc) platform founded by Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. The two institutions have contributed $30 million each to the non-profit project. edX was developed on MITx, a similar project launched by MIT in 2011.
The idea was to offer online university-level courses in a wide range of disciplines to a worldwide audience at no charge. The “learning platform” has been developed as open-source software and made available to other institutions of higher learning that want to make similar offerings. EdX was open sourced on June 1, 2013. There are plans to allow other schools to offer courses on the edX website also. Certificates of successful completion are offered at no cost but not course credit Neither MIT nor Harvard students may take the online courses for credit; they will be used to enrich their learning experience. In addition to educational offerings the project will be used to research learning and distance education.
Seven courses were launched in the initial offering in fall 2012. The design of a viable business model for sustainability of the enterprise is in progress. Now edX offers interactive online classes in subjects including law, history, science, engineering, business, social sciences, computer science, public health, and artificial intelligence (AI).